9 Home Remedies For Sensitive Teeth: Causes And Prevention

7 min read
Feb 19, 2024
9 Home Remedies For Sensitive Teeth: Causes And Prevention

Home remedies for sensitive teeth

Eating and drinking might occasionally be painful if you have sensitive teeth. Nonetheless, a few natural treatments could lessen tooth sensitivity.

Dental sensitivity is a prevalent and manageable ailment. According to a 2013 survey, one in eight patients of dentists reported having sensitive teeth.

This article examines several over-the-counter treatments for sensitive teeth as well as their scientific foundation. We also discuss when to visit a dentist, how to prevent tooth discomfort, and its causes.

1. Oil pulling

Using sesame or coconut oil for oil pulling could help lessen dental sensitivity.

Teeth sensitivity and gum disease may be lessened with oil pulling.
Teeth sensitivity and gum disease may be lessened with oil pulling.

An ancient Indian Ayurvedic procedure known as "oil pulling" is swishing oil around the mouth for a few minutes before expelling it.

According to a 2009 study, drawing sesame oil may help lessen the symptoms of gingivitis, the term used by dentists to describe gum disease. This procedure was further validated by a 2015 pilot study, which found that drawing coconut oil twice a day could lower gingivitis indicators and plaque development.

Reduced tooth sensitivity could be a result of oil pulling's possible advantages for gingivitis. Studies indicate that dental sensitivity is more prevalent in patients with gingivitis-related gum recession.

2. Guava leaves

Tooth sensitivity and pain may be lessened by chewing guava leaves or applying a topical gel containing guava leaf extract.

Because of its analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and antibacterial qualities, guava leaf extracts rich in flavonoids have the potential to relieve toothache pain, according to a 2017 assessment of the health benefits of guava leaves.

3. Clove gel

Clove oil has long been used as a traditional treatment for toothaches. Studies indicate that this is not merely a matter of custom.

Clove gel and topical benzocaine gel, which dentists frequently use to numb patients' gums before administering needles, were compared in a 2006 study. The findings suggested that clove gel could be just as useful as benzocaine gel in treating needle discomfort.

Clove gel or oil applied to the gums may help lessen discomfort and sensitivity in the teeth. To validate clove gel's advantages, more research on this application is necessary.

4. Garlic

Many medical issues can be treated with garlic as a traditional cure. Garlic is used in traditional medicine as a toothache remedy.

Allicin is a chemical that is momentarily produced when garlic is chewed. According to the findings of a 2011 study, allicin possesses antibacterial qualities and may aid in the destruction of bacteria like Streptococcus mutans that cause oral illnesses.

Tooth decay brought on by S. mutans accumulation around teeth and gums may exacerbate tooth sensitivity. Combating these germs could impede this progression and reduce tooth discomfort.

5. Saltwater rinse

Another strategy to combat oral microorganisms and enhance oral hygiene is to use a saltwater rinse as a mouthwash.

According to a 2017 study, a mouthwash containing chlorhexidine may not be any more effective at reducing tooth plaque than a saltwater rinse.

To create a saltwater rinse, mix 8 ounces of warm water with half a teaspoon of salt. Next, give the mouth a few quick swishes of the salt water before spitting it out.

6. Capsaicin gel

The hot ingredient found in chili peppers naturally is called capsaicin. When applied topically to the skin or gums, capsaicin can burn, but it can also lessen pain.

Topical administration of capsaicin has been shown to help reduce certain forms of pain, according to the authors of a 2011 review. Although the precise mechanism of action is unknown, scientists think capsaicin may numb nerve fibers, reducing their capacity to transmit pain signals.

The gums may become less painful when sensitive teeth are applied with capsaicin gel.

7. Turmeric

Ayurvedic medicine uses turmeric, a yellow spice, to treat inflammation. Curcumin, which is found in turmeric, may be able to reduce pain.

According to a tiny 2014 study, an extract from the turmeric plant reduced knee osteoarthritis pain just as well as ibuprofen.

To assist lessen tooth pain and sensitivity, one can try combining turmeric and water to make a paste that they can apply to their gums. Nevertheless, there isn't any scientific evidence to back up this application of turmeric just yet.

8. Fluoride

Fluoride-containing dental products can lessen tooth sensitivity and lower the chance of cavities.

By using toothpaste with fluoride, one can lower their risk of developing dental cavities.
By using toothpaste with fluoride, one can lower their risk of developing dental cavities.

According to a 2013 research, most fluoride preparations lessen tooth sensitivity when used in conjunction with desensitizing procedures.

There are numerous fluoride treatment options that are appropriate for daily usage, such as:

  • Toothpaste
  • Gel
  • Mouthwash

9. Desensitizing agents

Dentin becomes less porous due to the chemicals in desensitizing toothpaste. All teeth have dentin, a porous yet firm substance, which sits beneath the enamel.

Liquids find it more difficult to flow through dentin when it is less porous. Lowering the permeability shields the nerve beneath, lessening dental pain and sensitivity.

Dental agents that desensitize include:

  • Metal ions
  • Potassium
  • Oxalates

For those with sensitive teeth, one alternative is to use a desensitizing toothpaste that contains potassium.

In a 2006 in vitro investigation, oxalate extracts from spinach and rhubarb were administered to human molar dentine discs. The findings showed that these extracts might be useful in lessening tooth sensitivity.

Common causes

When teeth's enamel, or outer layer of protection, wears down, teeth can become sensitive.

The dentin beneath the worn-down enamel may become more permeable, making it easier for liquids and gasses to pass through.

Dental pulp, a tissue that lies beneath dentin, is home to numerous nerve endings and blood vessels. A person may feel pain when chemicals enter their dentin and get to these nerve terminals. Chewing and consuming hot or cold liquids might cause this pain.

Tooth sensitivity can result from wearing of enamel due to the following:

  • The gum disease known as gingivitis is brought on by plaque accumulation
  • Decay
  • Tooth whitening
  • Excessive teeth brushing or brushing too hard
  • Eating acidic foods
  • Grinding or clenching the teeth

A 2013 study found a correlation between at-home teeth whitening and gum recession caused by gingivitis as well as tooth sensitivity.

Prevention tips

Individuals can avoid tooth sensitivity and preserve the enamel on their teeth by:

  • Using a fluoride toothpaste twice a day to brush your teeth
  • Flossing once a day
  • Taking pauses when teeth-whitening
  • Consuming fewer starchy, sugary, and acidic meals
  • Limiting alcohol intake
  • Using a mouthguard at night to stop clenching and grinding your teeth
  • Seeing a dentist regularly
  • Quitting smoking

When to see a dentist

A person should schedule an examination with their dentist if they are experiencing persistent or severe tooth pain and sensitivity.

A dentist might suggest the following, depending on the reason and degree of sensitivity:

  • Using desensitizing chemicals or a fluoride gel
  • A filling
  • A crown
  • An inlay or onlay
  • A surgical gum graft
  • A root canal

In brief

Tooth sensitivity and pain are common and might be attributed to the slow degradation of tooth enamel. Tooth sensitivity may be treated with some home remedies, according to research.

The best defense against gum disease, tooth decay, and the onset of sensitivity is good dental hygiene.

People who have persistent or severe sensitivity should get checked out by a dentist. A dentist can treat tooth sensitivity in-office, depending on the underlying cause.

Frequently Asked Questions about Sensitive Teeth

What home remedies can help with sensitive teeth?

Several home remedies might offer relief, including oil pulling, guava leaves, clove gel, garlic, salt water rinse, capsaicin gel, turmeric, and fluoride. However, more research is needed to confirm their effectiveness for everyone.

How effective are home remedies for sensitive teeth?

The effectiveness of home remedies varies depending on the underlying cause of your sensitivity and individual factors. While some remedies show promise in studies, consult your dentist for professional advice and treatment options.

Are home remedies safe for everyone with sensitive teeth?

Not all remedies are safe for everyone. For example, clove oil can irritate gums, and pregnant or breastfeeding women should avoid it. Always consult your dentist before trying any home remedy.

What causes sensitive teeth?

Worn-down enamel, exposed dentin, gum recession, cavities, and teeth whitening can all contribute to sensitive teeth.

What are the symptoms of sensitive teeth?

Sharp pain or discomfort when consuming hot, cold, sweet, or sour foods and beverages is a common symptom.

How can I prevent sensitive teeth?

Brushing with fluoride toothpaste, flossing daily, limiting acidic foods, using a mouthguard at night, and seeing your dentist regularly can help prevent sensitivity.

When should I visit a dentist if my teeth are sensitive?

Schedule an appointment if you experience persistent or severe pain, discomfort, or any other concerns.

What treatment options will my dentist recommend?

Treatment depends on the cause and severity of your sensitivity. Options include desensitizing toothpaste, fluoride gel, fillings, crowns, inlays/onlays, gum grafts, and root canals.

What is the best way to treat sensitive teeth?

There's no one-size-fits-all solution. Consulting your dentist for a personalized diagnosis and treatment plan is crucial for optimal results.

Are there any risks associated with treating sensitive teeth?

Any treatment carries potential risks, and it's important to discuss these with your dentist before proceeding.

How long does it take for sensitive teeth to improve with treatment?

The timeframe depends on the severity and cause of your sensitivity, as well as the chosen treatment method. Your dentist will provide an estimated recovery time.

What can I do to manage sensitive teeth while waiting for treatment?

Use a desensitizing toothpaste, avoid triggers like hot/cold foods, and stick to a soft diet. Your dentist may also recommend over-the-counter pain relievers.

You should look into these suggested oral health items.